Dementia describes a set of symptoms including memory loss, mood changes and problems with communication and reasoning.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia followed by vascular dementia. The signs of dementia include:
- Memory loss – struggling to recall recent events but remembering things that happened in the past
- A difficulty in following conversations or TV programmes
- Repeating things or losing the thread about what’s being said
- Problems with thinking or reasoning
- Feeling anxious, depressed or angry about memory loss
- Feeling confused even in a familiar environment, or getting lost on journeys that the person knows well, e.g. going to the shops
- Forgetting the names of friends or everyday objects
- Being unable to recall things that have been heard, seen or read
If you are worried someone is showing these symptoms, encourage them to visit their GP.
If a diagnosis is made this can help people access the help and support they need. Although there is currently no cure for dementia, with treatment and support, people who have the condition are able to lead active, fulfilling lives.