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The Brexit Transition process

A Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration were agreed with the European Council on 17 October 2019 for the UK’s departure from the EU.

Separate citizens' rights agreements were agreed between the UK and Switzerland and the UK and the EEA EFTA states.

The UK then left the European Union on 31 January 2020. A Transition Period lasted until 31 December 2020. During the Transition Period, the UK continued to apply EU law and existing UK and EU arrangements, with a limited number of exceptions.

A trade and co-operation agreement has been agreed between the UK and EU. This now defines the relationship between the UK and EU. It has been provisionally applied by the EU pending formal ratification by the EU parliament. The Treaty was implemented into UK law through the EU (Future Relationship) Bill.

Separate protocols apply to Cyprus, Gibraltar and Northern Ireland apply under the Withdrawal Agreement. The Withdrawal Agreement Joint Committee reviews how these are implemented. An agreement has been reached on implementation of the Northern Ireland Protocol.

Keeping up to date

Visit GOV.UK for current guidance and to sign up for email updates.

The House of Commons library publishes briefings on a wide range of Brexit Transition related topics.

Preparing for changes

Across Essex, local authorities and public services have worked together and planned for the end of the Brexit Transition Period.

Local resilience forums (LRFs) are multi-agency partnerships, made up of representatives from local public services, including the emergency services, local authorities, the NHS, the Environment Agency and others. The Essex Resilience Forum (ERF) has planned measures to mitigate if there is disruption to our county at the end of the Transition Period.

Border Facilities

Controls and checks to goods entering the EU from the UK will be introduced from 1 January 2021. The UK Government has announced a phased introduction of UK Border Controls.

HMRC will be operating an Inland Border Facility at North Weald airfield for a period of 2 years from 1 January 2021. The site supports specialised customs transit processes that some traders may use. It has space for up to 53 HGVs.

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