Protecting the environment

We manage the county’s resources in a sustainable manner to protect the environment and ensure a better quality of life for our residents. We do this by:

  • creating programmes and initiatives to guide long-term environmental strategy in Essex
  • giving consultation responses and advice to planners on green infrastructure, climate change mitigation and adaptation

See Our environmental statement (437KB PDF) to find out more.

Essex coast

Essex has one of the longest coastlines of any county in England. We’re part of the Essex Coastal Forum, a partnership set up in 2011 to manage and protect the coast.

Green infrastructure

Our green infrastructure includes:

  • parks and playing fields
  • open spaces
  • woodlands
  • allotments and gardens

We use strategies to plan these sites and deliver a network of high-quality green spaces. This brings many social, economic and environmental benefits, including:

  • places to relax and play outdoors
  • space and habitat for wildlife, with access to nature for people
  • adapting to climate change, for example, by managing floods
  • environmental education
  • local food production, in allotments and gardens, and through agriculture
  • improved health and wellbeing, lowering stress levels and giving opportunities for exercise

Green infrastructure strategy

We’re currently helping to develop a green infrastructure strategy for Essex. This will allow us to use our green spaces to deliver benefits, including:

  • supporting healthier, more active lifestyles
  • managing floods
  • mitigating climate change
  • enhancing and protecting biodiversity
  • contributing to economic growth

The strategy will also help us:

  • gather evidence about the benefits of our existing green infrastructure
  • improve the quality of green space in Essex
  • explore the role of green infrastructure in planning (local plans)
  • manage open spaces alongside urban growth
  • undertake more green infrastructure projects, making Essex a better place to live

Our draft Green Essex Strategy is currently under consultation. Visit the draft Green Essex Strategy consultation before 5 July 2019 to have your say.

Green infrastructure projects

Below are some of the projects that restore and enhance green infrastructure in Essex.

Thames Estuary Path

In 2014, we opened the Thames Estuary Path through South Essex Marshes. Veolia North Thames Trust and MaxiGreen funded this work, under the Interreg Two Seas programme.


We led on the development of the South Essex Marshes. We did this as part of the MaxiGreen project, which saw seven EU partners work together to improve several neglected green spaces and heritage areas. The EU Interreg programme funded the work.

Greater Thames Marshes

Greater Thames Marshes covers 55,000 hectares across Essex, Kent and London. It’s rich in wildlife and one of only 12 such areas in England. Under the Greater Thames Marshes: Nature Improvement Area initiative to improve the marshes, we partnered with organisations and people working and living across the land.

Although the initial three-year programme has finished, Thames Gateway Local Nature Partnership is continuing the work, which we’re helping coordinate.

Parklands South Essex

We led the £10 million Parklands South Essex programme, which included:

  • the £5.2 million creation of the Bowers Marsh in Basildon by RSPB
  • an £800,000 grant to the Land Trust to manage 20 hectares of Canvey Wick
  • £1.6 million to create the Wat Tyler Green Centre and create new wildlife habitats
  • £675,000 towards creating the Thurrock Thameside Nature Park Visitor Centre by Essex Wildlife Trust at Mucking
  • £1.3 million improvements to the RSPB nature reserve at Purfleet

Other environmental issues

We’re also engaged in the following issues.

Water scarcity

In England, we each use an average of 1,050 litres of water a week. Our water has to be cleaned, treated and pumped from reservoirs, rivers and aquifers, and much of it leaks from pipes before it even reaches our homes.

Essex, which is in one of the driest parts of the country, is particularly prone to drought. We’re developing strategies to tackle these issues.

Sustainable Development Planning Guidance

We work with planners to review local development plans to achieve sustainable development and protect the environment. When developing neighbourhood plans and other planning documents, you may want to see:

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